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Welcome to ZOMEBase, the information center for the three PCI Zomes: COP9 Signalosome, the regulatory lid of the 26S proteasome and eIF3

What is a ZOME?

A "ZOME" is any one of three related multi-protein complexes:

the Cop9 Signalosome
the Regulatory Lid of the 26S proteasome
eIF3

These complexes were grouped together on the basis of similarities in their subunit composition and predicted structure. While subunits between the complexes share little primary sequence similarity, six subunits of all three complexes contain a PCI (Proteasome, CSN, eIF3) motif, while two subunits carry an MPN (Mpr1, Pad1, N-terminal) motif. This conserved six PCI / two MPN structure (among most higher eukaryotes) strongly suggests a common ancestor for these complexes. (1)

ZOMES, individually and in concert, affect proteome composition.

In ZOMEBase you can find

Want to contribute to ZOMEBase?

All Zomers are welcome and invited to contribute to and modify ZOMEBase using the Twiki editor on each page. To edit, you'll need a username and password. Please contact dannyc@tauex.tau.ac.il . As a contributer you can edit and add to exisiting content including making new pages.

Pages that need to be worked on

ZOMEBase Utilities

Recent ZOMES articles

NCBI: db=pubmed; Term=cop9 or "proteasome lid" or eIF3 or jab1

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Alters the Metalloprotease Activity of the COP9 Signalosome.

MBio. 2014;5(4)

Authors: Danelishvili L, Babrak L, Rose SJ, Everman J, Bermudez LE

Abstract
Inhibition of apoptotic death of macrophages by Mycobacterium tuberculosis represents an important mechanism of virulence that results in pathogen survival both in vitro and in vivo. To identify M. tuberculosis virulence determinants involved in the modulation of apoptosis, we previously screened a transposon bank of mutants in human macrophages, and an M. tuberculosis clone with a nonfunctional Rv3354 gene was identified as incompetent to suppress apoptosis. Here, we show that the Rv3354 gene encodes a protein kinase that is secreted within mononuclear phagocytic cells and is required for M. tuberculosis virulence. The Rv3354 effector targets the metalloprotease (JAMM) domain within subunit 5 of the COP9 signalosome (CSN5), resulting in suppression of apoptosis and in the destabilization of CSN function and regulatory cullin-RING ubiquitin E3 enzymatic activity. Our observation suggests that alteration of the metalloprotease activity of CSN by Rv3354 possibly prevents the ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis of M. tuberculosis-secreted proteins. IMPORTANCE : Macrophage protein degradation is regulated by a protein complex called a signalosome. One of the signalosomes associated with activation of ubiquitin and protein labeling for degradation was found to interact with a secreted protein from M. tuberculosis, which binds to the complex and inactivates it. The interference with the ability to inactivate bacterial proteins secreted in the phagocyte cytosol may have crucial importance for bacterial survival within the phagocyte.

PMID: 25139900 [PubMed - in process]

Notes

1 : Hofmann, K., and Bucher, P. (1998). The pci domain: A common theme in three multi-protein complexes. Trends Biochem Sci 23, 204-205.;Aravind, L., and Ponting, C.P. (1998). Homologues of 26S proteasome subunits are regulators of transcription and translation. Protein Sci 7, 1250-1254.; Kim, T.-H., Hofmann, K., von Arnim, A.G., and Chamovitz, D.A. (2001). The pci complexes:pretty complex interations in diverse signaling pathways. Trend Plant Sciences 6, 379-386.


r21 - 02 Aug 2010 - 12:15:05 - IdoGan
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